Tufted


Ferns which grow from one point.

Asplenium   

Asplenium lamprophyllum

 
Shiny light green in colour. Fronds lobed (partly dissected). This fern is found throughout the reserve. In particular it forms mats under the larger canopy trees in the newer part of the walkway. This fern appears very similar to the hen and chickens species (A. bulbiferum) but does not have the "chickens"  
 

Button fern   Tarawera

Pellaea rotundifolia

 
This fern is quite dainty and growing near the thread fern in the Mangemangeroa!. The more rounded leaflets arise from fronds in a loose tuft. It can appear similar to the thread fern (Blechnum filiforme). This fern contains a chemical which is very toxic to the house fly (A. Crowe)  
 

Coastal hard fern   

Blechnum blechnoides (B. banksii)?

 
A tufted dainty fern, sometimes found growing by its self and in other situations, forming mats. Its fertile fronds arise from the centre in an upright stance being a little over 1/2 the length of the sterile fronds. It can be difficult to tell from the button fern but the leaflets do not leave the stipe on a stalk, they are joined along one edge.  
 

Common shield fern   Pikopiko

Polystichum richardii

 
This is the only example I have seen of this fern in the reserve. This is possible because it seems to prefer drier areas than that commonly found along a south facing coastal strip. It is easy to recognise by its very harsh feel. The sori of P. richardii are quite distinctive with dark centres.  
 

Creek fern   Kiwakiwa

Blechnum fluviatile

 
Tufted ground fern Fern produces hormones which mimic the hormones that control the development of insects. Maori used the creek fern to chew for mouth and tongue ailments (Crowe)  
 

Crepe fern   Heruheru

Leptopteris hymenophylloides

 
Titoki are not easy to recognise in this bush, they tend to be chewed and eaten. The leaves consist of 4-6 pairs of leaflets which may be alternate to opposite. These leaflets may be serrated or have smooth edges. Titoki are most easily recognised by the base of their trunks which extend in a knobbly fashion.  
 

Gully fern or Feather fern   Pakau (Pakauroharoha)

Pneumatopteris pennigera

 
Tufted fern sometimes with a trunk. Pakau has a brown midrib (rachis) and fronds which have prominent dark veins (Crowe). The spores form a circular cluster, one per each vein on the back of the pinna. Used by Maori as a food flavouring and for the treatment of boils (Crowe) (Note sweet fern growing below feather fern)  
 

Hen and chicken fern   Mouku

Asplenium bulbiferum

 
Shiny light green in colour. Fronds lobed (partly dissected). This fern is easily recognised by the little ferns "growing on the parent frond, "like a hen and chicken"!  
 

King fern   

Marattia salicina

 
Not found in the reserve  
 

Kiokio   Palm leaf fern

Blechnum novae-zelandiae

 
This large species is found growing where there is reasonable light and damp. It is found in the Mangemangeroa along with mamuku, in the gullies. It is a big fern used by the Maori for cooking. Its new growth is pinkish caused by a chemical useful in sunburn cream. (A Crowe)  
 

Nini?   

Blechnum chambersii?

 
The example of this fern was found toward the top of the reserve and in quite a remote spot. It grows out from the bank . There were no fertile fronds in evidence.  
 

Shaking brack   Turawera

Pteris tremula

 
This fern is aptly named - it trembles as you walk by. It is found growing along the sides of the tracks, the younger fronds unfurling from an upright position.The older P. tremula fronds have a brownish rachi and stipe.  
 

Shining spleenwort fern   Huruhuru whenua, paranako

Asplenium oblongifolium

 
A beautiful shiny tufted fern found through out the reserve. The edges of the leaflets are very finely serrated.  
 

Sickle spleenwort fern   Petako

Asplenium polyodon

 
A glossy fern sometimes found hanging from trees. The edges of the leaflets are "deeply" serrated. Its appears to "arch" out from the tree trunk, hence its name.  
 

Southern lady fern?   

Diplazium australe?

 
Tufted fern with soft pinnae, I wondered if it was the water fern?  
 

Sweet fern   Titipo

Pteris macilenta

 
The fronds of this fern appear like celery, they are quite open and the edges have a more "toothed" appearance than shaking brake. Veins can be seen on the fronds. The sori are located along the very edge of the pinnae but do not go to the tips of each individual "blade". When viewed from the underside it has quite a shark tooth shape.